How to set the expire time of session and cookie in PHP

The login information can store in session or cookie. When store in session, the default expire time is when browser is closed.

Change the default by set the session.cookie_lifetime option in php.ini.

What is NEXTVAL in Oracle

In MySQL, you can specify a column as auto_increment, the value will increment 1 at each insert. SQL Server also provide similar thing. Oracle using SEQUENCE and NEXTVAL to do the job.

Create a SEQUENCE:

PL/SQL packages introduction

Oracle provide PL/SQL packages let you extend the database functionality . You can write you own package or utilize the packages shipped with Oracle release.Oracle supplies all kinds of packages, familiar with these packages is a must-have skill of DBA.

Packages is a collection of different program objects include procedures, functions, variables, constants, cursors, exceptions etc.

C++ enum example and tutorial

enum(enumeration) is a user-defined type consisting of a set of enumerators( enumerator --- named integer constant)

Simple enum definition:

flex the unistd.h problem

When use generate lexer with flex and compile it as cplusplus file, you will get an error like this:

But when compile as c file it will be no problem, if you see the generated c file , you will see:

How to use Java BufferedReader

is not enough. The usual way to use is to construct BufferedReader with an InputStreamReader ... with no buffer. So the common way to tune performance is first use BufferedReader instead of Stream IO ... The IO streams are bytes based, they have no concept of characters or strings which in Java ... and readers just works on a different level of abstraction. BufferedReader, as its name

How the interface find its implementation in Java

I always have the question: How the interface find its implementation ? In the calling code we always declare object with the interface name, Never need to declare the implementation class. We never explicitly tell the compiler which implementation to use.

The answer is , compiler don't know which implementation to use. When you declare a interface , there is no instance created, you have to new something and assign that instance to the interface. And the instance can be anything that implement the interface.

The answer is , compiler don't know which implementation to use. When you declare a interface , there is no .

The question mark in extends declaration

In java extends declaration syntax we often see something like this:

The question mark also show up on other place, inside an angle bracket. It means any class, its a wildcard. Its the Generic of Java. It called bounded wildcard.

What is immutable object in Java?

An immutable object in Java is the object that can not be changed after it is initialized ... . For example String object is immutable because you can not change String object's content ... another object "World" and assign the reference to str variable. Being immutable is a design choice ... immutable collection. [Why use immutable object?] >They are thread safe, because their state

Oracle dual table

In Oracle, the dual table is a special kind of one-row and one-column database table. dual is a table which is created by oracle along with the data dictionary. It consists of exactly one column whose name is dummy and one record. The value of that record is X. Note that the outer query references the dummy table .

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